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高中英语易混易错词汇总结 最新整理 PDF转Word文字

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 高中英语易混易错词汇总结
1. clothes, cloth, clothing
clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数,cloth指布,为不可数名词clothing服装的总 称,指•件衣服用 a piece of, an article of
2. incident, accident
incident 指小事件,accident 指不幸的事故 He was killed in the accident.
3. amount, number
amount后接不可数名词,number后接吋数名词a number of students
4. family, house, home
home家,包括住处和家人,house房子,住宅,family家庭成员.My family is a happy one.
5. sound, voice, noise
sound自然界各种各样的声音,voice人的嗓音,noise噪音I hate the loud noise outside.
6. photo, picture, drawing
photo用照相机拍摄的照片,picture可指相片,阁片•,电影片,drawing画的画Let's go and see a good picture.
vocabulary词汇,•个人拥有的中.词暈,word具体的中词He has a large vocabulary.
8. population, people
population 人口,人数,people 具体的人 China has a large population.
9. weather, climate
weather -天内具体的天4状况,climate 长期的H候状况 The climate here is not good for you.
10. road, street, path, way
road具体的公路,马路,street街道,path小路,小径,way道路,途径 take this road; in the street, show me the way to the museum.
11. course, subject
course课程(可包括多门科目),subject科目(具体的学科)a summer course
12. custom, habit
custom传统风俗,习俗,也可指生活习惯,后接todo,habit生活习惯,习惯成自然,后接 of doing. IVe got the habit of drinking a lot.
13. cause, reason
cause指造成某一事实或现象的II接原因,后接of sth./doing sth,reason用来解释某种现象 或结果的理由,后接 for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late
14. exercise, exercises, practice
exercise运动,锻炼(不可数),exercises练习(可数),practice (反复做的)练习Practice makes perfect.
15. class, lesson
作"课"解时,两者卩J以替换.抬课文用lesson.措班级或全体学生用class, lesson 6; class 5
16. speech, talk, lecture
speech指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说,talk日常生活中的•般的谈话,讲话, lecture 学术性的演讲,讲课 a series of lecture on...
17. officer, official
officer 部队的军官,official 政府官员 an army officer
18. work, job
二者均指工作。work不可数,job可数a good job
19. couple, pair
couple主要指人或动物,pair多措由两部分组成的东西a pair of trousers
country侧承挤版阁,疆域,nation措人民,国民,民族,state侧車:抬政府,政体,land国 土,国家 The whole nation was sad at the news.
21. cook, cooker
cook 厨师,cooker 厨具 He is a good cook.
22. damage, damages
damage不可数名词,损害,损失;damages复数形式,赔偿金$900 damages
23. police, policeman
police警察的总称,后接复数谓语动词,policeman指某个具体的警察The police are questioning everyone in the house.
24. problem, question
problem常和困难连系,前而的动词常为think about, solve, raise, question常和疑问连系, 多和ask,answer连用
25. man, a man
man 人类,a man 一入 Man will conquer natur©.
26. chick, chicken
二者均0J指小鸡,chicken还可以当鸡肉The chicken is delicious.
27. telegram, telegraph
当电报解时,telegram 指具体的,telegraph 指抽象的 a telegram, by telegraph
28. trip, journey, travel, voyage
travel是最常用的,trip指短期的旅途,journey指稍长的旅途,voyage指海上航行a three-day
29. sport, game
sport多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动,如打球,游泳,打猜,赛马等;game指决定胜负的游戏, 通常有•套规则 His favorite sport is swimming.
30. price, prize
price 价格,prize 奖,奖品,奖金 win the first prize The price is high/low.
31. a number of, the number of
anumberof许多,谓语动词用复数。the number of...的数目,谓语动词用中•数。The number of students is increasing.
32. in front of, in the front of
in front of 范围外的前而,in the front of 范围内的前而 In the front of the room sits a boy.
33. of the day, of a day
of the day每•天的,当时的,当代的,of a day暂时的,不长久的a famous scientist of the
34. three of us, the three of us
three of us我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us我们三个(就三个人)The three of us—Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema.
35. by bus, on the bus
by bus表手段,力式,不用冠词,on the bus表范围They went there by bus.
36. for a moment, for the moment
for a moment 片刻,一会儿,for the moment 暂时,•时 Thinking for a moment,he agreed.
37. next year, the next year
next year 将来时间状语,the next year 过去将来时间状语 He said he would go abroad the next year.
38. more than a year, more than one year
more than a year •年多,more than one year超过-年(两年或三年等)
39. take advice, take the(one's) advice
again.
40. take air, take the air
take air 传播,走_,take the air 到户外去,散步 We take the air every day.
41. in a word, in words
in a word 总之,一句话,in words 口头上 In a word, you are right.
42. in place of, in the place of

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